The situation of countries in the neighbourhood of the EU has a great influence on ensuring a high level of safety within the European Union. EU institutions and Member States take measures to support security systems of selected third countries. The support carried out by means of projects covers mainly training and exchange of experience.
- Eastern Partnership Police Cooperation Programme
- Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace
- Modern concept of Human Resources Management in the Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Serbia
- Prague Process and Targeted Initiative
- Strengthening Armenia’s Migration Management Capacities, with Special Focus on Reintegration Activities in the framework of the EU-Armenia Mobility Partnership
- Fighting Irregular Migration in Moldova project (FIRMM)
- Projects of the European Crime Prevention Network
The cooperation between UE and Eastern Partnership countries, i.e. Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine is conducted on the base of Eastern Partnership initiative. European Commission, trying to pull this cooperation into the most possible practical dimension in relation to security issues decided to launch the Eastern Partnership Police Cooperation Programme.
On 12 July 2013 DG Development and Cooperation at the European Commission call for proposals for the EuropeAid/134044/C/SER/Multi for Eastern Partnership Police Cooperation Programme.
The Polish Ministry of the Interior together with the Cooperation Fund and the Consortium Partners: Finland, France, Germany, Lithuania, Sweden as well as the International Centre for Migration and Policy Development (ICMPD) applied for the project and as a result of tender procedure the final agreement between European Commission and the Consortium members was signed in 30 December 2013.
Project has started in March 2014 and will end in March 2018. Its budget is around 5 million Euro.
The main goal of the Program is to support the law enforcement institutions of Eastern Partnership countries in practical aspects of fighting organised, cross-border crime as well as closer cooperation with EU countries law enforcement institutions thus contributing to the whole cooperation in the region. The results planned to be achieved in are to increase networking among EU and Eastern Partnership countries’ police authorities, and between EaP countries themselves.
Poland together with the Consortium Partners would like to achieve this goal by a series of activities in the form of study tours and exchange programmes; advanced training as well as advanced/on the spot training and operational meetings for joint investigations related to fighting cross-border crime. This will allow the law enforcement of the beneficiary countries to enlarge its knowledge, increase competences and practical skills in fighting organized crime.
The knowledge and experience sharing is not only one way street, what constitutes one of the biggest values of this Program. The Consortium experts, supported by EU institutions like Europol obtain valuable information from the beneficiaries about the problems, difficulties and successes they have with fighting cross border crime and building modern and effective law enforcement.
Poland - Key Partner of the consortium, formed in the Ministry of Interior a structure for daily management of the Programme’s issues. The Eastern Partnership Coordination Unit sets out both the content and the calendar of actions to allow for smooth implementation. The financial issues are dealt by the Cooperation Fund, an experienced and recognised Polish foundation which has a vast experience in management of the EU fund. The participation of the beneficiaries in the Programme is free and travel arrangements, accommodation and daily per diems for the participants are covered by the Programme.
Within the framework of the Program each of the EaP country creates a partnership with a consortium member, i.e. Ukraine formed a strategic partnership with the French Ministry of Interior, Georgia with Lithuanian Ministry of Interior and Azerbaijan with the German Ministry of Interior. Finally both Armenia and Moldova concluded a strategic partnership with Polish Ministry of Interior. These partnerships are formalised in a Memorandum of Understanding.
Once the partnership is created, each of the EaP country formulated their needs and areas of interest during the series of inception visits. The consortium members also agreed between themselves what areas of competences they will share with EaP countries as they would meet best their particular knowledge and experience.
As a result of these actions an Action Plan is drafted taking tailored to transfer the relevant experience between the European Union and the law enforcement authorities of EaP countries in the form of study tours and exchange programmes; advanced training as well as advanced/on the spot training and operational meetings for joint investigations, with particular attention given to practical actions.
The Action Plans are divided into following main groups:
- Fighting organised crime
- Fighting trafficking in human beings
- Combating drug trafficking
- Combating economic crime – money laundering
- Fighting terrorism and cyber crime
- EU Fund Management
- HR management in law enforcement
- Forensic and data bases
- Data protection
Each of these areas are divided into actions, with the calendar, number of participants and STEs, and detailed description of the results to be achieved.
To set an example, in the Moldova Action Plan 27 actions has been planned: starting from data protection, EU fund management, strategic management of law enforcement, through fighting organised crime, economic crime, finishing with wide range of forensic. Activities concerning EU fund management ended: (study visit in Poland 23-28 November 2014) and its continuation in Chisinau (17-21 March 2015), and the first set of data protection trainings (30 March – 3 April 2015). Next activities, follow up of data protection training, are planned for the end of May 2015 in Chisinau. In Chisinau also the nest Steering Committee of the Project is being planned for the mid October 2015.
Once a year all the stakeholders meet at the Steering Committee in order to evaluate the Programme. First Steering Committee was held in Warsaw on 16 October 2014.
Bilateral component - Specification of thematic areas
The most important thematic areas of the Program are as follows:
Fighting organised crime in particular of crossborder character – in this thematic area the wide range of trainings, exercises and practical operational activities have been planned dealing with methods of fighting crossborder crime, new investigation techniques, mutual legal assistance, joint investigation teams, international investigations, investigative tactics and technics.
Fighting trafficking in human beings – in this bloc of subject the focus is on special investigative techniques; labour and sexual exploitation of women and children.
Combating drug trafficking – covers wide range of activities, starting form investigative techniques and operational activities, practical operations, controlled delivery, forensic, synthetic drugs, fighting illegal drugs, and control of legal drugs and precursors market.
Combating economic crime – covers countering financial crimes, money laundering and corruption; VAT frauds, cards frauds, bank system abuse, installation and development of integrated databases for money transfer intelligence collection, assets recovery, analysis and requirements for data exchange, with particular attention given to new investigation techniques and technologies, anticorruption procedures.
Data protection – covers trainings on legal and organizational aspects of data protection, especially in the law enforcement activities, system of gathering, storage, monitoring and supervision of personal data, responsibility for revealing and protection of sensitive data.
Fighting terrorism and cybercrime – covers new investigative techniques, chain of evidence, web side monitoring and cooperation on that subject with Europol, cyberattacks, internet frauds, child pornography in internet.
Forensic and data bases and new technologies – covers wide range of activities present in all Action Plans, different forensic examinations, drug profiling, DNA profiling, phonoscopy, ballistics, as well as the methods of trainings for forensic practitioners.
HR management in law enforcement – covers efficient and modern human recourses in law enforcement, ethics, psychology, communication, new methods of recruitment and trainings in Police forces.
EU Fund Management – covers topics concerning legal and procedural aspects of effective applying and use of EU funds, building administrative structures, efficient management and financial settlings.
The Component 2 of the Eastern Police Cooperation Programme has multilateral character. All the beneficiary states will take part in a cycle of nine target oriented projects, related to combating specific type of cross-border crime or to assisting in police management issues. The results to be achieved in the Component 2 are to increase networking among EU and Eastern Partnership countries’ police authorities through working out a concrete changes into procedures and legal system of the beneficiaries’ law enforcement.
The first set concerning Practical aspects of combating serious transnational / cross border crime will comprise the following topics:
- Fighting trafficking in human beings
- Combating drug trafficking
- Combating economic crime – money laundering
- Combating counterfeit goods
- Fighting terrorism
- Fighting cyber crime
The second set of project related to Management of law enforcement institutions will cover the following subjects:
- Police management – management standards
- Professional ethics / combating corruption
- Forensic/ data bases
The implementation of the thematic blocks is to be prepared by the Leading Partners, who are members of the Programme consortium. The Leading Partners will develop the training content and will organise tutoring study visits. Particular focus will be put on facilitating the transfer of knowledge within relevant authorities including training of trainers.
The division of the projects between the Leading Partners is as follows: Leading partner for topics concerning drugs – is Poland, for economic crime – France, for counterfeiting goods and terrorism is Lithuania, for cybercrime – Germany. Subject concerning forensic and databases will be covered by Poland. German partner is also leading strategic management of human resources subject.
Project has an opportunity to became a crucial instrument of support for the reform of LEA in beneficiary countries and approach public order institution to EU standards. It is the most visual sign of the European Union practical approach to security issues in cooperation with Eastern Partnership Countries.
The Programme fulfils the idea of security in its most practical aspect, i.e. through trainings and common work of law enforcement officers the best practices are exchanged and, in this difficult area of security, the trust increases.
Since 2014 the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Poland, by participating in the international consortium, has the possibility of applying for the involvement of Polish experts in urgent short-term actions in third countries related to organised crime. These operations may include assistance activities in the following areas: illegal trade, drugs, weapon, human trafficking, money laundering, counterfeiting of medicines, cybercrime.
On the 11 March 2014 r. the Regulation (EU) No 230/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council established an Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace for the years 2014–2020 replacing the Instrument for Stability which was in force between 2007 and 2013.
The Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace is one of the key external assistance instruments that enable the EU to take a lead in helping to respond to emerging crises or threat of a crisis around the world.
The activities under the Instrument are carried out by different entities: EU agencies, Member States, NGOs, the UN and other international organisations.
Since 2004 Polish public administration units and institutions with the Mandated Body (MB) status can take part in the implementation of twinning projects as donors of assistance. Under the IPA programme (Instrument for Pre-Accesion Assistance) a twinning project financed by the European Commission titled ‘Modern concept of Human Resources Management in the Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Serbia’ (No. SR 12 IB JH 02) has been announced.
The overall objective of the project is to strengthen institutions in the area of justice, freedom and security in line with EU acquis.
The direct purpose of the project is the development of overall institutional capacity to manage the human resources system effectively and efficiently.
The project consists of three components:
- adoption and implementation of new procedures and legal framework required for the functioning of a modern system of human resources management;
- restructuring of organisational units in line with principles of modern concept of human resources management and strategic documents (strategy, action plan supported by new IT tools);
- promotion and implementation of modern procedures of human resources management in the Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Serbia, in line with a relevant international standards.
In 2013 r. the UK Home Office, in the role of the project leader, and the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Poland, in the role of the junior leader, won the tender for the implementation of the above mentioned project. The project is planned for 24 months.
The Prague Process, in which 50 countries are currently participating (European Union / Schengen Area, Eastern Partnership, Western Balkans, the Central Asia, Russia and Turkey), is considered in the European Union – together with the Eastern Partnership – as the main filed of EU cooperation with regard to migration in the eastern and south-eastern directions. Since December 2010 Poland has played the leader role of the Prague Process. The European Commission allocated EUR 3.6 million for the performance of tasks in the framework of the Action Plan under the Prague Process Targeted Initiative.
On 2 August 2012 the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Poland and the European Commission signed a contract for the performance of tasks related to the implementation of the Prague Process Targeted Initiative, i.e. for the project ‘Support for the Implementation of the Prague Process and Its Action Plan’. The project implementation will last three and a half years.
The main objective of the project implemented jointly by Poland, Germany, the Czech Republic, Romania, Slovakia, Sweden, Hungary and International Centre for Migration Policy Development, ICMPD, in Vienna is to strengthen cooperation on migration and asylum between the Prague Process participating states. Within the framework of the project the expert-level dialogue and exchange of information among states participating in the Prague Process will be strengthened, mainly through the development of cooperation between the National Contact Points, including the organisation of expert-level thematic meetings. The so-called knowledge base which consists of migration profiles of the Prague Process participating states and includes basic information describing their migratory situation will be expanded. The interactive map of Eastern migratory routes (i-Map East) will be updated.
Four pilot projects have been so far implemented under the Targeted Initiative which covered objectives set out in the Action Plan of the Prague Process. Poland together with Romania and Slovakia, was responsible for the project on illegal migration; the Czech Republic – for the project on migration and development; Hungary – for the project on legal migration; Sweden and Germany – for the project on asylum and international protection.
The fifth project under the Prague Process Targeted Initiative
The project ‘Establishing identity and/or nationality of irregular migrants’ will be implemented by a consortium of 12 Prague Process states. The coordinators of this 14-month project are Poland and Romania. Activities will be financed from the resources allocated by the European Commission for the financing of the Prague Process Targeted Initiative.
In the framework of the project implemented between November 2014 and December 2015 there are foreseen three expert-level workshop on practical aspects of identification of personal data of immigrants who infringed provisions on entry and residence of foreigners as well as on exchange of best practices on the personal data protection during establishing foreigners’ identity and on ensuring the efficiency of the international cooperation, including the cooperation with states of migrants’ origin.
Additional information on projects implemented under the Prague Process Targeted Initiative are available on the website: http://www.pragueprocess.eu/
The project ‘Strengthening Armenia’s Migration Management Capacities, with Special Focus on Reintegration Activities in the framework of the EU-Armenia Mobility Partnership’ is implemented in Armenia by a group of EU Member States (Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Poland and Romania) under the leadership of France. The project is implemented as a Targeted Initiative financed from the funds of the European Commission in the framework of the EU-Armenia Mobility Partnership to which Poland is a party.
The objective of this project implemented between 2013 and 2016 is to strengthen the Armenia’s administration in activities aiming at providing assistance to returning migrants and at ensuring their continuous reintegration. Moreover, also efforts are taken in order to ensure the positive impact of migration on Armenia’s development, inter alia, through intensifying the cooperation between the Armenian administration and the diaspora. An important part of the project is a cooperation in promoting legal migration, including the circular migration.
Additional information on the project are available on the website:
The Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Poland takes part in an international project for Moldova: ‘Fighting Irregular Migration in Moldova’ (FIRMM). The project, prepared at the request of Moldova, is a practical implementation of the EU-Moldova Mobility Partnership. The project beneficiary is the Moldovan government administration involved in the governance and control of illegal migration. The project coordinator is the International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD). Except from Poland the following states are engaged in the project: the Czech Republic, Romania, Hungary and Switzerland. Poland is represented by experts from the General Headquarters of Border Guard who are involved in the project. The project is co-financed from the European Commission funds. The funds allocated to the project were used for the part covering workshop and training as well for the purchase of equipment and software for the Moldovan Border Guards.
The main objectives of the project are:
- to consolidate the operational and analytical capacities of the Central Unit of Analysis and Information under the Bureau of Migration and Asylum to fight illegal migration;
- to strengthen the relevant central and local authorities in order to improve the detection of illegal migrants within the state territory;
- to improve the skills of law enforcement agencies and judiciary with regard to the EU standards, including respect for human rights in cases related to illegal migration;
- to support the negotiation of readmission agreements between Moldova and selected third countries.
The project implementation was launched in January 2013 and is scheduled to last 30 months.
Regarding its participation in the European Crime Prevention Network (EUCPN), Poland announced in 2015 its involvement in the following projects:
1. 10th Countrywide PaT Stopover: is a project implemented as part of the Polish National Police Headquarters’ Programme "Prevention and You” (PaT) in cooperation with the Ministry of the Interior.
The countrywide “Prevention and You” Programme of the Polish National Police Headquarters was launched in 2006, and in 2007 was entered into the Bank of Good Practice of the government programme for limiting crime and anti-social behaviours “Safer together”, implemented by the Ministry of the Interior. The main idea behind the PaT programme is to build a countrywide community of young people promoting the trend towards the life without addictions. By 2015, 85 PaT youth groups were created, and over 300 thousand people participated in the project across the entire country. The programme is dedicated to secondary school pupils and parents of young people of school age. The PaT Programme is based on creative peer prevention activities (youth for youth). It encourages the dialogue between parents and their children. The Programme also develops the countrywide youth community which aims at promoting the trend towards the life free from violence and addictions, especially related to drugs and other psychoactive substances. Values promoted under the Programme include among other: health, culture, relations, social sensitivity and freedom from addictions. Each year, the PaT Stopover brings together young people involved in activities related to living without addictions.
The 10th PaT Stopover was be held at the National Stadium in Warsaw on 23 June 2015. Many attractions are planned during the Stopover, such as screening of films on prevention, presentations of prevention groups from across the country, workshops, discussions, and the „PaTosfera” street parade.
As a valuable project the 10th PaT Stopover received the patronage of the EUCPN, who has also its exhibition at the event.
2. “Improving Poland’s capacity to prevent trafficking in human beings”: is a project implemented by the Department of Migration Policy in the Ministry of the Interior in close partnership with the Council of Europe.
The project primarily targets people who are particularly vulnerable to becoming victims of trafficking in human beings and other forms of exploitation – young people making employment-related decisions and possibly deciding on economic migration, as well as entrepreneurs and their clients who may consciously or unconsciously benefit from the work or services provided by victims of trafficking in human beings. The project is implemented by the Department of Migration Policy in the Ministry of the Interior, which organises the activities of the interministerial Committee for Combating and Preventing Trafficking in Human Beings, responsible for coordinating actions to prevent trafficking in human beings. The Council of Europe plays the role of the project partner.
The following actions are implemented under the project: study concerning the awareness on trafficking in human beings in Poland, social campaign concerning the risks related to trafficking in human beings, screening of films on trafficking in human beings, printing of the Council of Europe’s educational comic book “You’re not for sale”, and guest lectures for students held by experts from the Council of Europe.
EUCPN website: http://eucpn.org/
 Consistent with the Project Manager’s decision the implementation of the Programme for Belarus was suspended. On March 2015 it has been decided that Belarus would take part in activities of Component 2 without activities concerning development of databases/forensic.